Saturday, May 23, 2020
Other than this, CSR and codes of conduct of an organization helps to maintain the rules and regulations in an effective way in order to amplify its positioning and demand in the market. By doing so, the experienced and talented staffs might be retained within the organization for a longer period of time that may amplify its productivity. Not only this, if the employees get satisfied with the sort of remuneration offered then it might amplify the rate of motivation and trust (Blyton & et. al. 2011, pp. 245-256). Along with this, CSR also encourages the employees to present their inner desires in front of the management so as to fulfil them. By doing so, the commitment and devotion of the employees might get enhanced along with the reputation of the organization as well. So, CSR policies and codes of conduct are extremely essential for an organization in this age of globalization and capitalism (Blyton & Turnbull, 2004, pp. 267-278). Furthermore, the senior executives of the organization of Kenworth also need to understand the rules of international labour standards (ILO) so as to maintain them for long run. We will write a custom essay sample on International HRM- Report or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page 332-334). Due to which, the organization of Kenworth may not enhance its business position and image in the market among other rival contenders. In addition to proper maintenance of CSR, codes of conduct and ILO standards, the rate of interpersonal relationship with the employees or labours of the organization might not take place and the brand value may get amplified. As a result of which, the rate of attritions might get reduced significantly that might augment its dominance in the market. Therefore, from these above mentioned reasons, it might be clearly depicted that CSR, codes of conducts and ILO are extremely essential for maintenance of proper operations and functions of the organization like Kenworth.
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Introduction The prevalence of HIV in prison populations has been a growing concern as the number of infected prisoners is nearly double that of the general adult population. HIV in prison settings is a serious issue not only in the U.S but worldwide due to the commonality of high risk-behaviors among all prison populations such as rape, drug use and needle sharing, tattooing and unsafe sex practices. This makes prisons a breeding ground for the onward transmission of HIV due to the over crowdedness, combined with the atmosphere of violence and fear. The release from such tensions are typically found in these high-risk behaviors, especially drug use and unsafe sex, the two most common transmissions of HIV. Although many correctional institutions have some form of HIV testing in place, their policies and procedures widely vary. Mandatory testing specifically in prisons is a mandated test performed with or without consent during the admission process (Gagnon, 2013). Support for Mandatory HIV Testing As imprisonment rates continue to rise, optimists for mandatory testing have expressed that correctional facilities serve as an important location in targeting treatment and prevention based initiatives (Milloy, 2014). Mandatory HIV testing is perceived as an aggressive form of testing because it implies that all inmates are at equal risk of HIV, and testing will be performed regardless of consent. However, it provides a front door barrier to HIV before inmates ever enterShow MoreRelatedComparing Two Studies On Estimated Hiv Incidence And Prevalence1456 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesStudies on estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence Introduction In the era of HIV global pandemic, estimating incidence and prevalence correctly is critical, as it becomes a strong tool for authorities to decide next action, to mitigate infection rate and its multiple consequences to society. 2 studies investigated HIV estimated incidence from different approaches. Prejean et al studied the incidence estimates in the United States, by using a four-year data obtained from HIV incidence surveillanceRead MoreEffects Of Reduction Of HIV1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesReduction of HIV through PrEP on African American MSM Introduction Sexual Transmitted InfectionsÃ¢â¬â¢ (STI) are a significant health problem worldwide despite being neglected from the stigma and taboo associated with it. There are over 25 diseases that can be transmitted through sexual activity. Many STIs are unnoticeable as a result of the symptoms being asymptomatic and the stigma that is attached to getting an STI would discourage an individual from getting treatment. These infections could leadRead MoreHiv And The United States Essay1288 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAccording to recent statistics from the Centers for Disease Control, approximately 1.2 million individuals in the United States have HIV (about 14 percent of which are unaware of their infection and another 1.1 million have progressed to AIDS. Over the past decade, the number of HIV cases in the US has increased, however, the annual number of cases remains stable at about 50, 000 new cases per year. Within these estimates, certain groups tend to carry the burden of these disease, parti cularly theRead MoreWhy Is Hiv Disease A Pandemic?1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhy must you always spell HIV and AIDS in capital letters? You must always spell HIV and AIDS in capital letters because they are acronyms. *slide 3 Why is HIV disease a pandemic? HIV disease is a pandemic because it crosses all borders, cultures, races, etc. Also, it occurs over a wide geographic area. *slide 4 In HIV-1 s family tree, how many groups are there? Name them. What group was added in slide 8? [4pts] What appears to be the favorite chimpanzee monkey food? [2pts] What is it aboutRead MoreCorrelation Between Hiv And The Prevalence Of Hiv1102 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescircumcision with the prevalence of HIV in men who have sex with men (MSM). The cross-sectional study sampled 387 Indian men from six drop-in health centers, who were between the ages of 18-49. Men were selected from the drop-in centers, interviewed, given written informed consent and were then tested for HIV. Of the men tested for HIV, 18.6% were positive. Interviews were completed in order to get information about risk factors that could be associated with the prevalence of HIV in this populationRead MoreHiv And The Prevalence Of Hiv Essay1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages HIV In Adolescents Shavon Q Frasier Delaware Technical and Community College Abstract According to the CDC, In the United States the prevalence of HIV in adolescents from age 13-24 is estimated to account for 22% of all new cases (cdc.gov 2016). Of those cases, the most new cases occurred among gay and bisexual males. Furthermore young African American and Latino gay and bisexual males have been affected in higher numbers than any other group. Addressing HIV in our youth entailsRead MoreHpv Associated Anal And Oral Cancers1465 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescancers are increasing. The reason is still unclear although sexual behavior changes in the general population are postulated as one of the factors. The incidence is drastically higher in specific risk groups, such as men who have sex with men, and HIV-1 infected individuals. Interestingly, anal cancer is predominant in women while a higher incidence of oral cancer is found in men. This review gives a brief summary of epidemic, risk factors, mechanisms, diagnosis, and treatment of these two HPV-associatedRead MoreHuman I mmunodeficiency Virus And Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Essay1691 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconjunction with how it can be transmitted, so basically if it is highly contagious and most importantly, if any cure has been established for it. Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(HIV/AIDS) is one of the most difficult epidemics to control. This is because, the HIV virus attacks the very cells designed to control and as such, can avoid exposure to treatments which is the major reason why a cure for it hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t been found. Owing to the lack of their knowledge of the severityRead MoreTypes And Types Of Hpv Vaccine1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfemales to males than from males to females (2). The incidence of anal and oral cancers related to HPV is increasing in the general population and is growing even faster among individuals who are immunocompromised because of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (3, 4). Two prophylactic vaccines (Gardasil and Cervarix) have been approved for a decade. Recently, the nonavalent vaccine including additional high-risk HPV types is promised to provide more coverage against cervical cancers (5). The HPVRead MoreSex Abuse And Substance Abuse917 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1.0 Background World Prison Population List published that about 11 million people were held as detention, remand and sentenced prisoner in 2011; United States had the highest prisoner population rate worldwide with 743 per 100,000 of the national population (Walmsley, 2011). Majority of prisoners from poor minority communities are experienced chronic diseases, drug abuse and mental illness. In U.S., 65% prisoners achieved the medical criteria for substance abuse and addiction (Columbia Univ., New
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Urban geography is a branch of human geography concerned with various aspects of cities. An urban geographerÃ¢â¬â¢s main role is to emphasize location and space and study the spatial processes that create patterns observed in urban areas. To do this, they study the site, evolution and growth, and classification of villages, towns and cities as well as their location and importance in relation to different regions and cities. We will write a custom essay sample on Urban Geography or any similar topic only for you Order Now Economic, political and social aspects within cities are also important in urban geography. In order to fully understand each of these aspects of a city, urban geography represents a combination of many other fields within geography. Physical geography for example is important in understanding why a city is located in a specific area as site and environmental conditions play a large role in whether or not a city develops. Cultural geography can aid in understanding various conditions related to an areaÃ¢â¬â¢s people, while economic geography aids in understanding the types of economic activities and jobs available in an area. Fields outside of geography such as resource management, anthropology and urban sociology are also important. Urban geography is the study of areas which have a high concentration of buildings and infrastructure. These are areas where the majority of economic activities are in the secondary sector and tertiary sectors. They often have a high population density. Urban geography is that branch of science, which deals with the study of urban areas, in terms of concentration, infrastructure, economy, and environmental impacts. It can be considered a sub-discipline of the larger field of human geography with overlaps of content with that of Cultural Geography. It can often overlap with other fields of study such as anthropology and urban sociology. Urban geographers seek to understand how factors interact over space, what function they serve and their interrelationships. Urban geographers also look at the development of settlements. Therefore, it involves planning city expansion and improvements. Urban geography, then, attempts to account for the human and environmental impacts of the change. Urban geography focuses on the city in the context of space throughout countries and continents. Definition of a City An essential component within urban geography is defining what a city or urban area actually is. Although a difficult task, urban geographers generally define the city as a concentration of people with a similar way of life based on job type, cultural preferences, political views and lifestyle. Specialized land uses, a variety different institutions and use of resources also help in distinguishing one city from another. In addition, urban geographers also work to differentiate areas of different sizes. Because it is hard to find sharp distinctions between areas of different sizes, urban geographers often use the rural-urban continuum to guide their understanding and help classify areas. It takes into account hamlets and villages which are generally considered rural and consist of small, dispersed populations, as well as cities and metropolitan areas considered urban with concentrated, dense populations. History of Urban Geography The earliest studies of urban geography in the United States focused on site and situation. This developed out of the man-land tradition of geography which focused on the impact of nature on humans and vice versa. In the 1920s, Carl Sauer became influential in urban geography as he motivated geographers to study a cityÃ¢â¬â¢s population and economic aspects with regard to its physical location. In addition, central place theory and regional studies focused on the hinterland (the rural outlying are supporting a city with agricultural products and raw materials) and trade areas were also important to early urban geography. Throughout the 1950s and 1970s, geography itself became focused on spatial analysis, quantitative measurements and the use of the scientific method. At the same time, urban geographers began quantitative information like census data to compare different urban areas. Using this data allowed them to do comparative studies of different cities and develop computer based analysis out of those studies. By the 1970s, urban studies were the leading form geographic research. Shortly thereafter, behavioral studies began to grow within geography and in urban geography. Proponents of behavioral studies believed that location and spatial characteristics could not be held solely responsible for changes in a city. Instead, changes in a city arise from decisions made by individuals and organizations within the city. By the 1980s, urban geographers became largely concerned with structural aspects of the city related to underlying social, political and economic structures. For example, urban geographers at this time studied how capital investment could foster urban change in various cities. Throughout the late 1980s until today, urban geographers have begun to differentiate themselves from one another, therefore allowing the field to be filled with a number of different viewpoints and focuses. For example, a cityÃ¢â¬â¢s site and situation is still regarded as important to its growth, as is its history and relationship with its physical environment and natural resources. PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s interactions with each other and political and economic factors are still studied as agents of urban change as well. Themes of Urban Geography Although urban geography has several different focuses and viewpoints, there are two major themes that dominate its study today. The first of these is the study of problems relating to the spatial distribution of cities and the patterns of movement and links that connect them across space. This approach focuses on the city system. The second theme in urban geography today is the study of patterns of distribution and interaction of people and businesses within cities. This theme mainly looks at a cityÃ¢â¬â¢s inner structure and therefore focuses on the city as a system. In order to follow these themes and study cities, urban geographers often break down their research into different levels of analysis. In focusing on the city system, urban geographers must look at the city on the neighborhood and citywide level, as well as how it relates to other cities on a regional, national and global level. To study the city as a system and its inner structure as in the second approach, urban geographers are mainly concerned with the neighborhood and city level. How to cite Urban Geography, Papers
Friday, May 1, 2020
Question: Explain The Theory ofHeredity. Answer: In 1866, Gregor Mendel, an European monk, tells us about the theory of heredity, but unfortunately it was recognized long after he died in 1900. For his experiments, Mendel used commonpeaplants which are also named as Pisum sativum. He found that some traits appear in progeny with no mixing of characteristics of the parents. For example, when he cross pollinated the progeny of the pea plant, he found that its flowers appeared either purple or white in colour, but not as the intermediate colours. He studied seven traits of the pea plant with discrete alternative forms such as colour of a plant's flowers, position of the flower on the plant, seeds colour and shape , pea pods colour and shape, and the length of plant stems. (Mendelian laws of inheritance, 2016) According to Mendel, the hereditary determinants, which are also called genes, are of a specific nature. While studying the each trait, he found that a pair of genes contains two alleles and each parent in their each cell has two genes. After crossing the two pure line breeds, he observed that the F1generation progeny has one allele for the recessive phenotype and one for the dominant phenotype. He observed that gene pair of one member segregates into a gamete. He analyzed his pea plant number and invented three laws of inheritance, i.e., Law of Dominance, Law of Segregationand Law of Independent Assortment. As indicated by his law of dominance, in a pair of traits, one gene dominates the other in inheritance except in the case when both the genes in the pair are recessive. Likewise, law of segregation says that amid the gametes production, the pair of each inherited gene segregate and from each parent, progeny gets one gene. Similarly law of independent assortment expresses that the laws of chance represent which specific qualities of the parental pairs will arise in an individual progeny. (Mendel's Genetics, 2013) In a cross, let one of the parent who is homozygous non tongue roller (recessive) is denoted as rr and he / she will be unable to roll his / her tongue due to the absence of dominant gene. (Science Brainwaves, 2011)But the other parent who is heterozygous roller is denoted as Rr and he / she will be able to roll his tongue due to the presence of dominant gene. So, a cross between Rr and rr produces a genotypic ratio of 2 Rr : 2 rr or 1 Rr: 1 rr. R r r Rr rr r Rr rr So, it is found that the genotype of the children is Rr and rr, that is, 50% of the children will be heterozygous (Rr) and 50% will be homozygous recessive (rr). The persons who can taste the chemical named as Phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) are associated with the taster gene. So, both Homozygous PP and heterozygous Pp persons show the "P" phenotype, but only a homozygous pp person show the "t" phenotype. As the phenotype of the Pp person look like that of the PP persons, so, the P allele is dominant to the p allele. (Primer of Mendelian Genetics, 2012) So, from Punnett Square diagram, it is found that a cross between two heterozygous parents, (Pp x Pp) produces a genotypic ratio of 1 PP: 2 Pp: 1 pp. P p P PP Pp p Pp pp It is found that 25% of the progeny will be homozygous dominant (PP), 50% of the progeny will be heterozygous (Pp) and other 25% of the progeny will be homozygous recessive (pp). References: Mendelian laws of inheritance, 2016. [online]. Available at: https://www.scienceclarified.com/Ma-Mu/Mendelian-Laws-of-Inheritance.html [Accessed 27 May 2016]. Mendel's Genetics, 2013. [online]. Available at: https://anthro.palomar.edu/mendel/mendel_1.htm [Accessed 27 May 2016]. Primer of Mendelian Genetics, 2012. [online]. Available at: https://www.mun.ca/biology/scarr/Mendelian_Rules.html [Accessed 27 May 2016]. Science Brainwaves, 2011. Dominant and Recessive Genes In Humans. [online]. Available at: https://www.sciencebrainwaves.com/dominant-and-recessive-genes-in-humans/ [Accessed 27 May 2016].
Saturday, March 21, 2020
Thursday, March 5, 2020
Graduate Admissions Interviews with Current Grad Students Graduate school interviews are challenging and make even the most qualified applicants nervous. Interviews are most common in graduate programs offering doctoral and professional degrees. Dont fret if a few weeks pass after the application deadline and you have heard nothing from the graduate program. Not all graduate programs interview applicant finalists. If you are invited for an interview, however, remember its dual purposes. Interviews offer graduate programs the opportunity to meet you, consider you as a person apart from your application, and evaluate your fit to the program. Many applicants focus so much on pleasing the admissions committee that they forget that interviews serve a second purpose - to determine if the graduate program is right for you. Keep your own interests in mind as you visit the campus and participate in the interview. Evaluate the graduate program to determine if it will meet your training needs. Prepare for a Range of Interviewers As you prepare for your interview consider the various people you will meet and plan accordingly. For each, consider what they are looking for. We have discussed common questions to expect from professors and admissions committees as well as appropriate questions to ask them. Many applicants, however, do not realize that graduate studentsÃ usually have a role in admissions decisions. Certainly, they do not make the decisions themselves but they provide input and faculty usually trust and value their input. Graduate students might interview applicants one-on-one or in groups. They will ask about your research interests, with which faculty youd most like to work, and your ultimate career goals. Prepare Questions for Current Graduate Students Its easy to forget your dual purposes in interviewing, but keep in mind your goal of learning whether the graduate program is a good match to you. Current graduate students are a very important source of information. Ask questions to learn about the following: About Coursework: What is the coursework like? Do all entering graduate students take the same classes? Are enough classes offered? About Professors: Who are the most active professors?Ã Who works with students? Do one or two professors take on a great many students? Are any professors only on the books? That is, do any professors travel so extensively or teach classes so infrequently that they are unavailable to students? Take care in asking this. Living Conditions: Where do students live? Are there adequate housing opportunities? Is housing affordable? What is the community like? Do students need cars? Is there parking? Research: Ask grad students about their research interests (theyll likely enjoy talking about their work). How much independence are they afforded? Do they work primarily on faculty research or are they encouraged and supported in developing their own lines of research? Do they present their work at conferences? Do they receive funding to travel and present at conferences? Do they publish with faculty? How do students acquire mentors? Are mentors assigned? Dissertation: What is the typical dissertation like? What are the steps to completing a dissertation? Is it simply a proposal and defense or are there other opportunities to check in with the dissertation committee? How do students choose committee members? How long do most students take to complete the dissertation? Is there funding for dissertations? Funding: How do they fund their studies? Do most students get funding? Are there opportunities for assistantships, research or teaching? Do students work as adjunct instructors at the college or at nearby colleges? Do any students work outside of school? Is outside work permitted? Is there an official or unofficial ban on graduate students working off-campus? Climate: Do students spend time together after class? Is there a sense of competitiveness? Remember Your Place Remember that graduate students might not be able to answer all of these questions. Tailor your questions to the situation and the openness of the students with whom you are interviewing. Above all, it is critical to remember that your graduate student interviewers are not your friends. They will relay most or all of the conversation to the admissions committee. Avoid negativity. Dont curse or use vulgar language. Sometimes applicants may be invited to a social event, such as a party or gathering at a bar. Consider this an opportunity to learn about relationships among graduate students. Remember, however, that they are not your friends. Dont drink. If you must, one. Youre being studied and evaluated even if theyre friendly. Not to make you paranoid but the reality is that you are not yet peers. There is a power differential that you need to recognize and respect.
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
You as a leader - Assignment Example I would subsequently identify possible alternatives and assess the choices based on their consequences. I had to establish the best alternative before putting it into action. According to Mathena (2002), a leader needs to examine the situation by analyzing various perceptions. Subsequently, formulating alternatives and choosing the best is equally an appropriate measure. I remember my classmates and I failed to grasp certain concepts learned in class. I identified the problem to be solved that included complicated concepts like compassionate practice. With the assistance of other group members, we came up with possible alternatives like providing simplified learning materials and starting group discussions. I established that it was necessary to perform group discussions. The discussions were viable platform that could be used to better understand the concept. Some of the leadership strengths I demonstrated include being student focused, results oriented, strategic, good at handling conflicts, and making high-quality decisions. However, I still have to improve in my communication skills since it is an essential leadership